A and P HW

Question Description

Part 1

The cell has often been compared to a miniature factory with the following functions: energy production, product manufacturing, packaging and delivery, waste removal, and command center. Pick one characteristic and explain which part of the cell performs that function. Describe how that part of the cell works and explain what would happen if it no longer functioned properly.

Part 2

Identify a skin disorder.

Research it and explain to the class what causes it, how it is treated, if it is contagious, and what the prognosis is.

Also, indicate which skin layers are involved.

Part 3

Select one of the musculoskeletal disorders.

Explain how it is diagnosed, what muscles are involved, the treatment, and the prognosis.

Part 4

There are many new treatment options and breakthroughs for treating Parkinson’s disease.

Find an article on the Internet that describes one, and summarize the findings.

Do not quote directly from the article. Your response must be in your own words, and you must include the URL in your response.

Part 5

There are three main diseases that may result from atherosclerosis: coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease, and peripheral artery disease.

Pick one of these disease categories and describe them. Indicate how much of atherosclerosis is preventable and identify what steps one can take to prevent it.

Part 6

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in the U.S.

The minimum age to lawfully purchase tobacco varies by state.

Some people would like to increase the smoking age to 21 in all states.

Describe at least one positive effect that this would have toward reducing the overall smoking rates.


Part 7

Pick one of the digestive organs and describe what it does, and identify a disease or condition that affects it.

Indicate whether that disease is preventable through diet and good lifestyle choices.

Part 8

There are many options for treating infertility today. Research one and explain it to the class. Properly cite your work and include a URL if you use the Internet.

Part 9

Part 1 – Short essay (50 pt)

Imagine that you fell down in the garden and cut yourself on a dirty piece of metal. In a short essay, describe primary and secondary tissue repair, what is meant by the term “clean wound”, the role of nutrition in the healing process, and how scar tissue forms. Do not copy from the text book.

BIOL113 Part 2 – Worksheet (50 pt)

  1. Identify the four requirements for “anatomical position”.
  2. What is the difference between the terms “cephalic” and “caudal”?
  3. How does the sagittal plane divide the body?
  4. What two things are contained within the dorsal cavity?
  5. List the abdominal quadrants.
  6. List the 4 main organic compounds found in living things.
  7. Would a pH of 2.0 be acidic or basic?
  8. In humans, sugar is stored in liver and muscle in what form?
  9. What are the two types of endoplasmic reticulum, and how do they differ?
  10. If someone had improperly functioning lysosomes what would be the outcome?
  11. What is the main function of mitochondria?
  12. Briefly describe the structure of the cell membrane.
  13. What structures are responsible for cell movement?
  14. What are the 4 stages of mitosis?
  15. If red blood cells are placed in a solution that is hypotonic relative to them, what will happen?
  16. List and define the 5 Roman Numeral Staging categories for cancer.
  17. What is one difference between active transport and diffusion?
  18. What are the 4 main tissue types?
  19. Describe mucous membranes and provide one example.
  20. What is the function of cartilage?

Part 10

Please answer the following questions in at least one paragraph per question, using complete sentences. Make sure to list any references (including the text) used in your essay.

Choose a skin disease or disorder, and explain what causes the disorder, the layers of skin affected, how it may be treated, and the prognosis.

Part 11

  1. The end of a long bone is called the _______, and the long shaft is called the ______.
  2. List five functions of the skeletal system.
  3. What are the two main bone types of the skull?
  4. List the 4 kinds of diarthroses joints.
  5. The wrist bones are called what?
  6. There is only one movable bone in the skull. What is its name?
  7. Where are the metacarpals located?
  8. What are the names of the two bones that form the lower leg?
  9. Where do the true ribs attach?
  10. What is another name for the knee cap?
  11. Briefly describe the structure and function of skeletal muscles.
  12. Where is smooth muscle generally found?
  13. What is an intercalated disk?
  14. What chemical accounts for muscle fatigue?
  15. The main muscle used in breathing is the _____________?
  16. How many muscles are there in the human body?
  17. List the 4 characteristics common to all muscle types.
  18. What is the name of the large, triangle-shaped muscle in the upper back?
  19. Define dystonia.
  20. What is the name of the main muscle that forms the calf?

Part 12


Part 13

  1. List the 6 components of plasma:
  2. What is the function of erythropoietin?
  3. List the 3 kinds of granulocytes?
  4. Thromboplastin converts _______into_______during bleeding.
  5. What is the sedimentation rate?
  6. What is the pacemaker of the heart?
  7. A heart rate above 100 bpm is called what?
  8. What is a heart murmur?
  9. Oxygenated blood is carried primarily by which vessels?
  10. What do valves in the veins do?
  11. What disease is caused by deposits of fat along artery walls?
  12. What is another name for a stroke?
  13. What are lacteals?
  14. What are the 5 classes of antibodies?
  15. What is the difference between passive and active immunity?
  16. Briefly describe the ABO blood typing system. (15 pt)
  17. Describe systemic circulation (20 pt).
  18. Describe coronary circulation (20 pt).

Part 14

Please answer the following questions in at least one paragraph per question, using complete sentences. Make sure to list any references (including the text) used in your essay.

Choose a respiratory disease or disorder, and explain what causes the disorder, the part(s) of the respiratory system affected, how it may be treated, and the prognosis.

Part 15

  1. What are the names of the 3 salivary glands?
  2. What enzyme is found primarily in saliva?
  3. What are the 3 parts of a human tooth?
  4. What is the name of the circle of muscle that forms the opening between the esophagus and stomach?
  5. List the 4 layers of the stomach wall.
  6. What is the name of the 3 sections of the small intestine?
  7. Most nutrient absorption occurs in which organ?
  8. How does the liver contribute to digestion?
  9. If someone has his or her gallbladder removed, what might be the effect on digestion?
  10. What is chyme?
  11. What is the name given to the involuntary muscle action that propels food through the digestive tract?
  12. Name 2 functions of the large intestine.
  13. In a short essay, describe the function of the gastric juices (20 pt).
  14. Identify and explain the functions of the digestive juices in the small intestine (20 pt).
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